Let’s dive into the countries technically ruled by the Kings of England, but are doing their absolute hardest not to be: Ireland and Wales. As we briefly touched on in the last article, Edmund and Jasper Tudor were fighting rebellions in Wales, so let’s start there! Wales, if you remember, had been suffering greatly due… Continue reading 15th Century Wales and Ireland
At the end of the 14th century, England recently noted the rise of Henry IV through conquest against Richard II. Henry’s reign, where we begin today in the 15th century, began by addressing the people of England in his coronation speech, one of the first times since the Normand conquest. His father had been John… Continue reading 15th Century England
During the 14th and 15th centuries in France, lived a woman named Christine de Pizan, and she is the first female author of the Middle Ages. In a time when misogyny ran freely and unchecked, Christine de Pizan worked to build women up, and she was praised for it. She was born in Venice, Italy… Continue reading The Book of the City of Ladies by Christine de Pizan
When we left France last century, they had been through an eventful 14th century with no signs of slowing down. We began the century in the middle of the hundred years war with King Charles VI, who was known first as the Beloved and later as the Mad. He was twelve when he took the… Continue reading 15th Century France
A major contributor of the economic growth in the Renaissance came from trade; as bits of different cultures trickled in through spice, clothing, and (unfortunately) slave trading, the European world took off. Clothing changes, card games, food, and activities trickled in, along with new gold and gems. This new wealth allowed the rich to expand… Continue reading Renaissance Ships: Caravel, Carrack, and Galleon
Today we will round out the Iberian Penisula with Portugal, and they spent the century exploring and colonizing. At the beginning of the century, John I of Portugal is ruling. He had won his throne at the end of the last century, and when the rival bloodline died without an heir (John I of Castile),… Continue reading 15th Century Portugal
Dance has always been an important part of culture, and the changes in them tend to reflect the environments they are preformed in. The flamenco is no exception, and depending on the provenance of Spain you were in, affected the style of the dance. In Granada, they had a unique version called the Zambra. It… Continue reading The Zambra Mora
Aragon begins the century with the last of the members of the House of Barcelona in power, Martin the Humane (depending on whom you ask, there was little war during his reign, but he also launched crusades into Northern Africa). He succeeded his brother John I in 1396, but was stuck in Sicily as its… Continue reading 15th Century Spain
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