15th Century France

When we left France last century, they had been through an eventful 14th century with no signs of slowing down. We began the century in the middle of the hundred years war with King Charles VI, who was known first as the Beloved and later as the Mad. He was twelve when he took the… Continue reading 15th Century France

Renaissance Ships: Caravel, Carrack, and Galleon

A major contributor of the economic growth in the Renaissance came from trade; as bits of different cultures trickled in through spice, clothing, and (unfortunately) slave trading, the European world took off. Clothing changes, card games, food, and activities trickled in, along with new gold and gems. This new wealth allowed the rich to expand… Continue reading Renaissance Ships: Caravel, Carrack, and Galleon

15th Century Portugal

Today we will round out the Iberian Penisula with Portugal, and they spent the century exploring and colonizing. At the beginning of the century, John I of Portugal is ruling. He had won his throne at the end of the last century, and when the rival bloodline died without an heir (John I of Castile),… Continue reading 15th Century Portugal

The Zambra Mora

Dance has always been an important part of culture, and the changes in them tend to reflect the environments they are preformed in. The flamenco is no exception, and depending on the provenance of Spain you were in, affected the style of the dance. In Granada, they had a unique version called the Zambra. It… Continue reading The Zambra Mora

15th Century Spain

Aragon begins the century with the last of the members of the House of Barcelona in power, Martin the Humane (depending on whom you ask, there was little war during his reign, but he also launched crusades into Northern Africa). He succeeded his brother John I in 1396, but was stuck in Sicily as its… Continue reading 15th Century Spain

Black Death (1343-1353)

L0072270 Boccaccio's 'The plague of Florence in 1348' Credit: Wellcome Library, London. Wellcome Images images@wellcome.ac.uk http://wellcomeimages.org The plague of Florence in 1348, as described in Boccaccio's Decameron ('Il decameron'). Etching by L. Sabatelli after himself. Engraving By: Giovanni Boccaccioafter: Pier Roberto Capponi and Luigi SabatelliPublished: - Copyrighted work available under Creative Commons Attribution only licence CC BY 4.0 http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/

Now that we have a better understanding of the 14th century and the major players (countries) involved, we should slow down and take a minute to discuss the events, concepts, people, and art from the century before we dive into the drama of the 15th century. If there is anything or anyone specific you would… Continue reading Black Death (1343-1353)

14th Century Holy Roman Empire

The Holy Roman Empire had been revived in 800 A.D. by Pope Leo III when he gave the title to the Frankish King, Charlemagne, on December 25. Unlike most monarchs, the emperor controlled a vast amount of land (Pretty much all central Europe) that consisted of hundreds of duchies, kingdoms, and free cities. Emperors would… Continue reading 14th Century Holy Roman Empire

14th Century Sweden, Denmark, & Norway Part 2 (Kalmar Union)

Sweden during the 14th century had many conflicts happening, some we have discussed with our post detailing Denmark and Norway (which we will learn more about as they overlap). We enter the century here at the end of the Viking Age and during the reign of King Birger. Birgier came to the throne at the… Continue reading 14th Century Sweden, Denmark, & Norway Part 2 (Kalmar Union)